Concepts And Theories In Nursing

Roy and Neuman adaptation models

Create a PowerPoint presentation that addresses each of the following points/questions. Be sure to completely answer all the questions for each bullet point. Use clear headings that allow your professor to know which bullet you are addressing on the slides in your presentation. Support your content with at least one (1) source and the textbook using APA citations throughout your presentation. Make sure to cite the sources using the APA writing style for the presentation. Include a slide for your references at the end. Follow best practices for PowerPoint presentations related to text size, color, images, effects, wordiness, and multimedia enhancements. Review the rubric criteria for this assignment.

Create a PowerPoint Presentation to discuss the following…

Sgt. Eddie Johns leaned back against the chair in the outpatient orthopedic clinic. His head was killing him! He wasn’t sure which was worse, the “morning after” headache or not being able to sleep at night. At least when he had a few beers under his belt so he could catch a few hours of sleep. It had been like this since he was air evacuated back stateside from Afghanistan after the roadside bomb went off. He was thankful that he had only broken his leg in a couple of places and gotten a bad bump on the head. They called that traumatic brain injury but he didn’t know what that was and really didn’t believe them anyway. He was still thinking just fine. His friend Joe wasn’t so lucky! How was Joe going to learn to walk on those artificial legs? He was still in the hospital in Washington, DC. That was pretty far from his home. Eddie wished he could visit Joe. They had been in the same platoon for 9 months. But, Eddie was glad that he had been able to come back to his own home town for outpatient treatment. It took an hour to get here but at least he could see his girl almost every day. Sure he had moved back in with his mom but it was easier to have someone to help him get around and cook for him. It was a bummer that he couldn’t work right now. He guessed it didn’t matter much since he really didn’t have a job to go back to. He had been replaced at the plant. They said they would find something for him to do once he could get around more easily. Eddie sure hoped the doc would take the pins out of his leg today and give him a clearance to work.

  • How would the use of the Roy Adaptation Model assist the nurse in planning the continuation of care for Sgt. Johns?
  • Describe the influence of Roy’s Theory in guiding the nurse’s actions in promoting Sgt. Johns adjusted self-concept.
  • From the perspective of the Roy Adaptation Model, why is it important for the nurse to listen to Sgt. Johns’ “story” in his own words and not just base her interactions on information from the chart, fellow colleagues, or his family?
  • Based on Neuman Systems Model, identify at least 4 stressors from the case study. Create a plan of care based on Neuman Systems Model for Sgt. Johns.




Concepts and Theories in Nursing




Student’s Name





Concepts and Theories in Nursing

Roy and Neumann’s adaptation models

“Nursing is not just a profession but a constantly evolving discipline that requires a deep understanding of various concepts and theories to provide holistic and evidence-based care to patients.” Concepts and theories play a vital role in nursing as they provide a framework for understanding the complexities of patient care. These concepts and theories guide the nurse in identifying and prioritizing patient needs, developing care plans, and evaluating patient outcomes (van Munster et al., 2021). Nursing theories also help in the identification of the unique role of the nurse in the healthcare system. By using nursing theories, nurses can create a systematic approach to care delivery that is evidence-based and patient-centered. Therefore, understanding and utilizing concepts and theories in nursing is essential for providing high-quality patient care and improving healthcare outcomes.

Roy Adaptation Model and Neuman Systems Model are two prominent theoretical frameworks in nursing that aim to provide a holistic approach to patient care. The Roy Adaptation Model emphasizes the importance of adaptation, where individuals are viewed as adaptive systems that respond to environmental stimuli (Hallihan et al., 2021). The model focuses on the four adaptive modes: physiological, self-concept, role function, and interdependence. On the other hand, the Neuman Systems Model focuses on the individual as a whole, where the environment and the person are viewed as one integrated system (Iwanaga et al., 2021). The model emphasizes the importance of stress and its effect on an individual’s health and well-being. Both the Roy Adaptation Model and the Neuman Systems Model offer valuable insights into patient care and can help nurses better understand and meet the needs of their patients. This essay will use the Roy Adaptation Model to assist the nurse in planning the continuation of care for Sgt. Johns, the influence of Roy’s Theory in guiding the nurse’s actions in promoting Sgt. Johns adjusted his self-concept to the importance of listening to Sgt. Johns’ “story”, Neuman systems model and stressors, and finally, look at a plan of care based on the Neuman systems model

Roy Adaptation Model and Continuation of Care

The Roy Adaptation Model (RAM) is a theoretical framework nurses use to guide their assessment, planning, and implementation of patient care. It considers the patient’s biological, psychological, and social aspects and how they interact with the environment (Wang et al., 2020). This model could be helpful for Sgt. Eddie Johns is planning the continuation of his care. Firstly, the RAM can assist the nurse in assessing Sgt. Johns’ physical, psychological, and social needs. For example, his physical needs may include pain management, medication administration, and rehabilitation. His psychological needs may consist of coping with the trauma of his injury and adapting to changes in his daily routine. His social needs may include access to transportation, assistance with daily activities, and support from his family and friends. Considering these factors, the nurse can develop a comprehensive care plan that addresses Sgt. John’s needs.

Secondly, the RAM can assist the nurse in planning interventions that promote adaptation. The model suggests that patients can adapt to changes in their environment and that interventions should support this process (Gok Metin et al., 2022). For example, the nurse may suggest relaxation techniques to help Sgt. Johns manages his headache or refers him to a support group for individuals with traumatic brain injuries. Additionally, the nurse can identify resources in the community that can assist Sgt. Johns is adapting to his injury, such as transportation services or vocational rehabilitation programs. Finally, the RAM can assist the nurse in evaluating the effectiveness of the interventions and adjusting the plan of care as needed (Callis, 2020) by regularly assessing Sgt. John’s progress and adapting the plan of care as necessary, the nurse can ensure that he receives the best possible care and support throughout his recovery. Using the Roy Adaptation Model can assist the nurse in planning the continuation of care for Sgt. Johns by providing a comprehensive framework for assessing his needs, planning interventions that promote adaptation, and evaluating the effectiveness of the interventions. By using this model, the nurse can ensure that Sgt. Johns receives the best possible care and support throughout his recovery.

Influence of Roy’s Theory on Guiding Nurse’s Actions

Roy’s Adaptation Model is a theoretical framework nurses use to guide patient care. The model is based on adaptation, which suggests that individuals adapt to changes in their environment to maintain physiological and psychological well-being. The goal of nursing care within this model is to facilitate patient adaptation to changes in their health status, environment, and social circumstances. In the case of Sgt. Eddie Johns, Roy’s Theory can guide the nurse’s actions in promoting his adjusted self-concept (Clares et al., 2021). The first step in promoting Sgt. Johns’ adjusted self-concept is to assess his current level of functioning. The nurse can gather information about his past experiences, coping mechanisms, and support systems to determine how he adapts to his current situation. This information can help the nurse identify potential areas of concern and develop a plan of care that addresses his specific needs. Based on the assessment, the nurse can identify Sgt-related nursing diagnoses—Johns’ adjusted self-concept. For example, he may be experiencing anxiety, depression, or difficulty accepting his new physical limitations. The nurse can use this information to develop specific nursing interventions to address these issues. One nursing intervention may be to provide education to Sgt. Johns about his condition and the expected outcomes of his treatment (Karaca & Durna, 2019). This can help him better understand his situation and cope with the changes in his life. Additionally, the nurse can help him identify and utilize his support systems, including his family and friends, to promote his sense of well-being. Another intervention may be to provide emotional support and counseling to help Sgt. Johns adjust to his new circumstances (Wu et al., 2020). This may include helping him develop coping strategies, encouraging him to express his feelings, and providing positive feedback and reinforcement. Overall, Roy’s Adaptation Model can guide the nurse in promoting Sgt. Johns adjusted his self-concept by providing a framework for assessing his needs, identifying nursing diagnoses, and developing targeted nursing interventions. By addressing his psychological and social needs, the nurse can help Sgt. Johns adapts to his new situation and achieves a sense of well-being.

Importance of Listening to Sgt. Johns’ “Story”

The Roy Adaptation Model is a nursing theory emphasizing the importance of individualized care for each patient. This model suggests that nurses should assess patients based on their unique experiences, needs, and perspectives (Kaya & Boz, 2019). In Sgt. In Eddie Johns’ case, listening to his story in his own words is crucial for providing adequate care tailored to his situation, by listening to Sgt. Johns’ story, the nurse can gain insights into his physical, emotional, and social needs, as well as his overall adaptation to his injury and life changes. For example, the nurse can learn about his headaches, sleeping problems, and reliance on alcohol for sleep. These symptoms may indicate underlying psychological distress, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which requires specialized treatment and support (Orsolini et al., 2019)—furthermore, Sgt. Johns’ story can reveal his social support network, living arrangements, and employment status, which are crucial factors in his adaptation process. The nurse can identify potential environmental challenges or resources impacting his recovery and well-being. For instance, Sgt. Johns’ move back in with his mother may provide a sense of security and care, but it can also affect his independence and self-esteem. In addition, he is listening to Sgt. Johns’ story can help establish a therapeutic relationship between him and the nurse (Ausderau et al., 2019). By acknowledging his experiences and concerns, the nurse can build trust, rapport, and empathy with him. This can enhance his engagement, compliance, and satisfaction with his care. It can also encourage him to share more information and participate actively in his treatment plan. The Roy Adaptation Model highlights the importance of individualized, holistic care that respects patients’ unique experiences and perspectives. By listening to Sgt. Johns’ story, the nurse can gain valuable insights into his physical, emotional, and social needs and provide personalized care that promotes his adaptation and well-being.

Neuman Systems Model and Stressors

The Neuman Systems Model is a nursing theory that views individuals as constantly interacting with their environment and that stressors can affect a person’s overall well-being. In the case of Sgt. Eddie Johns, several stressors are affecting his physical, emotional, and psychological health. Firstly, Sgt. Johns is experiencing physical stressors. He has broken his leg in several places and is recovering from a traumatic brain injury. He is experiencing headaches and having difficulty sleeping, which can exacerbate his pain and discomfort (Palacios‐Ceña et al., 2020). Additionally, he is unable to work at the moment, which can cause financial strain and add to his overall physical stress. Secondly, Sgt. Johns is experiencing emotional stressors. He is concerned about his friend Joe, who has lost both legs, and is struggling with adjusting to artificial limbs. Sgt. Johns is also working because he has been replaced and is uncertain about future employment prospects. He is experiencing feelings of anxiety, depression, and uncertainty, which can affect his overall emotional well-being. Thirdly, Sgt. Johns is experiencing psychological stressors. He is having difficulty adjusting to his new physical limitations and is uncertain about his ability to recover (Connolly & Mahoney, 2018) fully. He also struggles with the idea of being dependent on others for his basic needs, such as cooking and transportation. These stressors can affect his overall sense of self-worth and identity. Fourthly, Sgt. Johns is experiencing environmental stressors. He has been uprooted from his usual routine and daily life due to his injuries and treatment. He is in a new environment, receiving treatment at an outpatient clinic, and has had to move back in with his mother. These changes can affect his overall sense of comfort and familiarity.

Plan of Care Based on Neuman Systems Model

Based on the Neuman Systems Model, a plan of care for Sgt. Johns should focus on reducing the impact of these stressors on his overall well-being. This can include physical therapy to help him regain mobility, pain management techniques to alleviate discomfort, and counseling to address emotional and psychological stress. The plan of care should also include support for Sgt. Johns to help him adjust to his new environment and regain control over his life (Gerhart et al., 2023). This can include assistance with transportation, cooking, and other daily activities, as well as vocational rehabilitation to help him find employment suitable for his current physical condition. Overall, the care plan should focus on addressing the physical, emotional, psychological, and environmental stressors that Sgt. Johns is experiencing this to promote his overall well-being and facilitate his recovery.


In conclusion, the concepts and theories in nursing play a crucial role in providing patient-centered care that promotes physical, emotional, and social well-being. The Roy Adaptation Model and Neuman Systems Model are two nursing theories that guide nurses in assessing and intervening in patient care. In the case of Sgt. Johns, the Roy Adaptation Model can assist the nurse in planning the continuation of care by identifying his coping mechanisms, promoting his adjusted self-concept, and providing personalized care that reflects his unique needs. Listening to Sgt. Johns’ story is vital as it helps the nurse understand his perspective and tailor the care plan accordingly. The Neuman Systems Model can identify stressors such as physical injury, traumatic brain injury, loss of job, and being far from home. A plan of care based on this model can include interventions to address the stressors and promote Sgt. Johns’ stability, flexibility, and wellness. Nurses can use these theories to provide holistic care, supporting patients’ adaptation and well-being.












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