Growth and Development of the Adolescent

Growth and Development of the Adolescent

Growth and Development of the Adolescent

  1. Teresa is a 15-year-old girl who is being seen by her physician today at the request of her parents, Bob and Peggy. They have brought Teresa in today because of some concerning changes in Teresa’s behavior and appearance recently. They explain that up to about a year ago Teresa was a typical teenage girl who was a good student in school. Since then, she has been running with a new group of friends who wear dark or black clothing and dye their hair black. Teresa has followed this trend and has recently shown up with several new body piercings and has asked her parents for permission to get a tattoo. Her parents have refused but are afraid that she will do this without their permission. Teresa is listening to loud violent music and spending less time at home with the family. When she is home she often fights with her parents over the rules of the house. They are afraid Teresa has become sexually active. (Learning Objectives 3, 4, and 6)


  1. What can the nurse tell Bob and Peggy about the influence of Teresa’s peer group?


  1. What can the nurse teach Bob and Peggy regarding dating and sexuality for adolescence?


  1. What can the nurse teach Bob and Peggy regarding the occurrence of violence in adolescence?






Growth and Development of the Adolescent




Student’s Name







Growth and Development of the Adolescent

In the thunderous domain of adolescence, a metamorphosis reveals where physical transformations, cognitive leaps, and intricate socio-emotional dynamics interlace to modify the trajectory of young individuals into adulthood. During the stage of adolescence, individuals encounter crucial growth and development on physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional levels. Physically, adolescents undergo swift changes as they transition from childhood to adulthood. These changes involve the development of secondary sexual features, like the growth of body hair, breast development, and the deepening of the voice (Towlson et al., 2021). Besides physical changes, cognitive abilities expand during this period, marked by enhanced reasoning, problem-solving, and abstract thinking experiences. Adolescents become more capable of planning for the future, assessing distinct options, and developing informed decisions. Moreover, the socio-emotional monarchy is also a focal point of adolescent growth. Peer relationships gain significance as adolescents pursue and develop their identity and autonomy. They encounter heightened emotional intensity, explore new emotions, and establish more multiplex emotional regulation strategies. This stage of growth and development in adolescence lays the foundation for adult life, modifying their identity, relationships, and overall well-being. This essay will explore a case study on Teresa, a 15-year-old girl being seen by her physician at the request of her parent, Bob and Peggy. Eventually, the essay will discuss the teaching that the nurse can offer Bob and Peggy on the influence of Teresa’s peer group, the teaching that the nurse can offer Bob and Peggy regarding dating and sexuality for adolescence, and finally, teaching to Bob and Peggy regarding the occurrence of violence in adolescence.

The Nurse’s Teachings to Bob and Peggy on the Influence of Teresa’s Peer Group

The nurse can explain to Bob and Peggy that Teresa’s new peer group will likely significantly influence her behavior and appearance. During adolescence, teenagers frequently pursue acceptance and identity from their peers, and it is normal for them to be impacted by their friend’s behaviors and decisions. Adolescents frequently undergo a period of identity exploration, and during this time, they are highly affected by their peers (Romito et al., 2021). In Teresa’s case, her connection with friends who wear dark or black clothing, dye their hair black, and engage in body modifications suggests that she is pursuing acceptance and belonging within this subculture. The nurse can further explain that peer influence can be pretty powerful during adolescence. For decades, psychosocial research has assessed how their peers’ behavior impacts children’s and adolescents’ behavior (Giletta et al., 2021). Adolescents may endorse new attitudes, behaviors, and dress techniques to conform to their peers’ norms and values. Teresa’s decision to change her appearance, listen to loud, violent music, and spend less time at home may be an attempt to fit in with her new friends and establish her identity within this group. It is essential for Bob and Peggy to comprehend that while peer influence is strong, it does not necessarily mean that Teresa’s behavior is solely a result of her friends’ influence. Adolescents also have their agency and personal choices. However, the nurse can assure Bob and Peggy that by understanding the influence of peers, they can better support Teresa and guide her through this transitional period. Parents must comprehend that this stage of experimentation and exploration is a normal part of adolescent growth. Moreover, it is vital to maintain communication platforms open and equip guidance, ensuring that the choices made by the teenager are safe and in their best interest.

The Nurse’s Teaching to Bob and Peggy Regarding Dating and Sexuality for Adolescence

The nurse can offer Bob and Peggy information and guidance concerning dating and sexuality for adolescents. Parents must openly and honestly communicate with their teenage children about the topic. The nurse can emphasize the significance of equipping accurate and inclusive sex education to assist Teresa in developing informed decisions. According to Martin et al. (2018), sex education is one of the most essential aspects of education; contrary to what some may think, it does not equip instruction on how to have sex, but it covers a wide range of problems and topics linked to sex and gender, maturity, chastity, ethics, respectful and safer sexual behavior. The nurse can also discuss the significance of setting boundaries and expectations regarding dating and sexual activity. Bob and Peggy can spotlight their values and beliefs while ensuring Teresa comprehends the possible risks and outcomes of engaging in sexual activity at a young age. The nurse can motivate Bob and Peggy to have a calm and non-judgmental conversation with Teresa, where they can express their concerns, equip accurate information about sexual health, and spotlight the significance of developing responsible decisions. They can also discuss the significance of practicing safe sex and evaluating suitable healthcare services like obtaining contraception and regular check-ups. Motivating a trusting and supportive connection between parents and teenagers is essential for addressing concerns about sexual activity and fostering responsible behavior.

The Nurse’s Teaching to Bob and Peggy Regarding the Occurrence of Violence in Adolescence

The nurse can equip Bob and Peggy with valuable information regarding the occurrence of violence in adolescence. At first, the nurse can explain that while teenage rebellion and experimentation with distinct clothing, hair, and music styles are typical during adolescence, it is essential to closely observe any drastic changes in behavior and appearance, as they can sometimes be indicators of underlying matters. The nurse can clarify that not all teenagers who adopt dark or alternative styles are involved in violence, but addressing their concerns and taking them seriously is vital. Moreover, the nurse can educate Bob and Peggy about the potential factors contributing to adolescent violent behavior. These factors may include exposure to violence in the media, peer pressure, family conflict or dysfunction, history of trauma or abuse, substance abuse, and mental health conditions such as conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder (Koehler, 2020). The nurse can spotlight that comprehending these risk factors can help recognize potential underlying causes and guide suitable interventions. The nurse can also discuss the significance of open communication and a supportive family environment. Bob and Peggy can encourage Teresa to share her feelings, concerns, and experiences by maintaining a non-judgmental and understanding attitude. This approach can promote trust and provide an opportunity to address any potential issues or conflicts that may contribute to her behavior. In addition, the nurse can emphasize the significance of setting clear boundaries and rules within the family. Establishing consistent expectations regarding behavior, curfews, and consequences for breaking the rules can help provide structure and guidance for Teresa. The nurse can encourage Bob and Peggy to involve Teresa in developing these rules to promote her sense of autonomy and responsibility. Finally, the nurse can inform Bob and Peggy about available resources and support systems. These may include counseling services, support groups, or community programs specializing in adolescent behavior and mental health. By seeking professional help, they can gain insights, strategies, and interventions specific to Teresa’s situation, ultimately fostering her well-being and addressing any potential issues effectively.


The case of Teresa exemplifies the complex and dynamic process of growth and development during adolescence. Teresa’s behavior and appearance changes are influenced by her peer group, which significantly modifies her identity and choices. The nurse can inform Bob and Peggy about the powerful impact of peer influence and emphasize the significance of open communication and parental inclusion in guiding Teresa through this stage. In addition, the nurse can educate Bob and Peggy on dating and sexuality, highlighting the significance of equipping accurate information, setting clear boundaries, and fostering a supportive environment for healthy decision-making. Moreover, the nurse can address adolescent violence, educating Bob and Peggy on the potential risks and warning signs and providing strategies to foster non-violent conflict resolution and emotional well-being. By comprehending these aspects, Bob and Peggy can better support Teresa during this critical period of growth and development.














Giletta, M., Choukas-Bradley, S., Maes, M., Linthicum, K. P., Card, N. A., & Prinstein, M. J. (2021). A meta-analysis of longitudinal peer influence effects in childhood and adolescence. Psychological Bulletin147(7), 719.

Koehler, D. (2020). Violent extremism, mental health and substance abuse among adolescents: Towards a trauma psychological perspective on violent radicalization and deradicalization. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology31(3), 455-472.

Martin, J., Riazi, H., Firoozi, A., & Nasiri, M. (2018). A sex education program for mothers in Iran: Does preschool children’s sex education influence mothers’ knowledge and attitudes? Sex Education18(2), 219-230.

Romito, M., Salk, R. H., Roberts, S. R., Thoma, B. C., Levine, M. D., & Choukas-Bradley, S. (2021). Exploring transgender adolescents’ body image concerns and disordered eating: Semi-structured interviews with nine gender minority youth. Body Image37, 50-62.

Towlson, C., Salter, J., Ade, J. D., Enright, K., Harper, L. D., Page, R. M., & Malone, J. J. (2021). Maturity-associated considerations for training load, injury risk, and physical performance in youth soccer: One size does not fit all. Journal of Sport and Health Science10(4), 403-412.

If you are struggling to write your nursing dissertation because you don’t have time or you don’t know where to start you can order your paper here 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *