Medic Case Study

Medic Case Study

Medic Case Study ► Peter Smith is a 73-year-old male with mild Type 2 diabetes. He states that he has needed to urinate more frequently during the last 2 weeks, and he feels a burning sensation when he urinates. He has also been very tired lately. Based on the vital signs you measured and Peter’s current complaints, the physician ordered a fasting blood glucose and a urinalysis.

  1. What is the likely diagnosis for Mr. Smith?
  2. Why did the physician order both a urinalysis and a blood glucose test?
  3. Why might Mr. Smith’s vital signs show that his temperature is slightly elevated?
  4. Based on the laboratory test results, the physician prescribed an antibiotic for Mr. Smith. What can you advise Mr. Smith to do in addition to taking the antibiotic as prescribed?




Medic Case Study




Student’s Name







Medic Case Study

In a globe where health is our most valuable asset, medicine is the guiding light embellishing the path toward healing, resilience, and human victory. Medicine, a specialization of enormous importance, stands at the vanguard of human welfare and progress. It comprises the study, pinpoints, treatment, and prevention of disorders, focusing on lessening suffering and improving the quality of life for individuals and communities. The pursuit of medicine needs not only an extreme comprehension of the human body and its intricate mechanisms but also a genuine compassion for the well-being of others (Chmielewski et al., 2020). Physicians, nurses, and healthcare professionals devote themselves to the noble mission of healing and caring for patients, tirelessly working to unlock the mysteries of illness and advance medical knowledge. While integrating scientific skills, cutting-edge technology, and compassionate patient-centered care, medicine has transfigured healthcare, making unprecedented steps in disorder management and eradication. However, the field of medicine progressively develops, adapting to societal requirements, emerging difficulties, and the quest for equitable healthcare access. As we sail an expeditiously developing globe, medicine remains indispensable in safeguarding our health and providing hope for a brighter, healthier future. This article will explore a case study of a 73-year-old male with mild Type 2 diabetes. From the case study, the paper will explain the likely pinpoints for Mr. Smith, why the physician ordered both urinalysis and blood glucose test, why his vital signs show that his temperature is slightly elevated, and finally, advise Mr. Smith to do in addition to taking the antibiotic as prescribed.

The Likely Diagnosis for Mr. Smith

Based on Mr. Smith’s manifestations and the ordered test, his most likely diagnosis is a urinary tract infection with potential complications connected to his pre-existing mild Type 2 diabetes. The elevated prevalence of urination, burning sensation during urination, and fatigue are common types of urinary tract infections (Claeys et al., 2019). The fasting blood glucose test is likely ordered to examine his blood sugar levels, as individuals with diabetes are at an elevated risk of developing urinary tract infections because of compromised immune function and increased blood sugar levels. The urinalysis will assist in confirming the existence of infection by detecting bacteria or white blood cells in the urine. Timely treatment with antibiotics and unified management of his diabetes will be essential in addressing the infection and preventing any further complications. It is essential for Mr. Smith to follow up with his physician for a proper diagnosis and individualized treatment plan.

Reasons why the Physician Ordered a Urinalysis and a Blood Glucose Test

The physician ordered a urinalysis and blood glucose test for Peter Smith because of his presenting manifestations and medical history. Peter’s complaints of elevated frequency of urination, a burning sensation during urination, and fatigue raise concerns of potential urinary tract infection or controlled diabetes. A urinalysis assist recognizes the occupancy of any abnormalities in the urine, like bacteria or white blood cells, which could suggest an infection (Hitzeman et al., 2022). It can also detect the existence of glucose in the urine, which may designate high blood sugar levels. In addition, the physician ordered a fasting blood glucose test to evaluate Peter’s blood sugar levels because he has a history of mild Type 2 diabetes. This test assists in deciding if his diabetes is sufficiently controlled or if there has been a recent change in his blood glucose levels, contributing to his manifestations. Inclusively, the urinalysis and blood glucose test will assist the physician in diagnosing the underlying cause of Peter’s manifestation and guide suitable treatment.

Mr. Smith’s Vital Signs Indicating that his Temperature is Slightly Elevated

There are numerous reasons why Mr. Smith’s vital signs may show a slightly increased temperature. One possibility is that he encounters a urinary tract infection, which can cause a rise in body temperature as the immune system responds to the disease (Lacerda Mariano & Ingersoll, 2020). The frequent urination and burning sensation during urination that Peter encounters are common symptoms of urinary tract infection. Infections involving urinary tract infections can stimulate an inflammatory response in the body, resulting in a mild increase in temperature. Another possible cause could be an underlying ingrained infection, like a kidney infection, leading to increased temperature. In addition, fatigue and elevated urination can be signs of uncontrolled diabetes, and poorly managed blood glucose levels can lead to a general feeling of malaise and slightly increased body temperature. It is essential for the physician to consider such factors and conduct further tests, like urinalysis and fasting blood glucose, to precisely pinpoint the underlying cause of Mr. Smith’s symptoms and determine the suitable treatment.

Advise to Mr. Smith on Addition to Taking the Antibiotic as Prescribed

Based on the symptoms and laboratory test outcomes, Mr. Smith may encounter a urinary tract infection in addition to his mild Type 2 diabetes. To accompany the antibiotic prescribed by the physician, there are a few additional strands that Mr. Smith can take to assist in his recovery and overall health. At first, it is essential for Mr. Smith to progress by taking the antibiotic exactly as prescribed by the physician. Antibiotics are prescribed to combat the bacterial infection generating the urinary tract infection, and completing the entire course of medication is crucial to ensure that the infection is completely eliminated (Kalelkar et al., 2022). Additionally, to the antibiotic, he should make sure he drinks plenty of fluids, particularly water. Maintaining hydration assists in flushing out the urinary system and can help lessen symptoms like burning during urination. Sufficient hydration supports overall health and can assist in preventing future urinary tract infections. Since he has type 2 diabetes, it is crucial for him to assert reasonable blood sugar control. High blood sugar levels can weaken the immune system and elevate the risk of infections involving urinary tract infections. Peter should progress to observe his blood glucose levels regularly and follow any dietary and medication recommendations offered by his healthcare provider. Maintaining his blood sugar within a target range can foster healing and lessen the risk of complications.

Moreover, he should ensure better personal hygiene, specifically regarding the genital area. Marinating the area clean can assist in preventing the spread of bacteria and lessen the likelihood of recurrent infections (Boyle et al., 2018). It is essential to note that wiping from front to back after using the washroom can also lessen the risk of introducing bacteria from the rectum to the urinary tract. Finally, Peter should punctually communicate with his healthcare provider if he encounters any worsening symptoms or if the symptoms do not enhance after completing the antibiotic course. The physician may require to reevaluate the treatment plan or take into account additional investigation if appropriate. Comprehensively, by adhering to the prescribed antibiotic regimen, keeping good hydration, managing his blood sugar levels, practicing proper hygiene, and keeping close communication with his healthcare provider, Mr. Smith can enhance his chances of recovering from the urinary tract infection and lessen the risk of future infections.


Medicine, a specialization of enormous importance, stands at the vanguard of human welfare and progress. It comprises the study, pinpoints, treatment, and prevention of disorders, focusing on lessening suffering and improving the quality of life for individuals and communities. Mr. Smith, a 73-year-old male with mild type 2 diabetes, highlights manifestations of a high frequency of urination, a burning sensation during urination, and fatigue. Considering such symptoms and the vital signs monitored, the likely diagnosis for Peter is a urinary tract infection. The physician ordered both urinalysis and a fasting blood glucose test to examine the infection in the urinary tract and assess his blood glucose levels, as diabetes can elevate the risk of infections. The moderately increased temp monitored in Mr. Smith’s vital signs could be indicative of an inflammatory response because of the UTI. Upon reviewing the laboratory test outcomes, the physician prescribed an antibiotic for Mr. Smith, highlighting that the disorder had been confirmed. Additionally, to take the antibiotic as prescribed, he should drink enough fluids, specifically water, to flush out the bacteria from his urinary network. Ensuring proper hygiene and finishing the entire course of antibiotics are also crucial to successfully treating the infection and preventing its recurrence.


Boyle, A. G., Timoney, J. F., Newton, J. R., Hines, M. T., Waller, A. S., & Buchanan, B. R. (2018). Streptococcus equi infections in horses: guidelines for treatment, control, and prevention of strangles—revised consensus statement. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine32(2), 633-647.

Chmielewski, J., Łoś, K., & Łuczyński, W. (2020). Mindfulness in healthcare professionals and medical education. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health34(1), 1-14.

Claeys, K. C., Blanco, N., Morgan, D. J., Leekha, S., & Sullivan, K. V. (2019). Advances and challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infections: the need for diagnostic stewardship. Current infectious disease reports21, 1-9.

Hitzeman, N., Greer, D., & Carpio, E. (2022). Office-Based Urinalysis: A Comprehensive Review. American Family Physician106(1), 27-35B.

Kalelkar, P. P., Riddick, M., & García, A. J. (2022). Biomaterial-based antimicrobial therapies for the treatment of bacterial infections. Nature Reviews Materials7(1), 39-54.

Lacerda Mariano, L., & Ingersoll, M. A. (2020). The immune response to infection in the bladder. Nature Reviews Urology17(8), 439-458.

If you are struggling to write your nursing assignments because you don’t have time or you don’t know where to start you can order your paper here 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *