How to Write a Research Paper Introduction?

How to Write a Research Paper Introduction?

Research paper introductions, like first impressions, hold significant weight. In addition, they set the stage for the entire paper and need to capture the reader’s attention. A strong introduction should provide background information, address the reader’s initial questions, and introduce your unique perspective, all while being concise.

Therefore, this guide recognizes the difficulty of crafting introductions and aims to equip you with the knowledge and expert tips to write introductions effectively.

What is a research paper introduction?

An introduction acts as the foundation for your research paper, setting the stage for the reader. It should clearly explain the paper’s main topic and the argument you’ll be developing. This ensures the reader grasps what the paper is about and why it’s essential. In science-focused papers with lots of data, the introduction might also provide a brief overview of the research methods used. Understanding how to craft a strong introduction is crucial in writing an influential research paper.

Why is the Introduction Important in a Research Paper?

A strong introduction acts as a foundation for your entire research paper. In addition, it hooks the reader by introducing the topic and its significance. It also provides essential background information to prepare them for a deeper analysis.  Furthermore, the introduction justifies the importance of your research and highlights your expertise in the field.

Moreover, it acts as a roadmap, outlining the key points and fabric of your paper and guiding the reader through the upcoming arguments and evidence.  In short, a well-crafted introduction is crucial for engaging your audience and ensuring they can follow your research journey.

What are the Parts of Introduction in the Research Paper?

The introduction of a research paper is crucial as it sets the stage for the readers, introduces the topic, and outlines the purpose and direction of the paper. A well-crafted introduction can engage the reader and provide a clear roadmap of what is to come. Typically, a good research paper introduction section should comprise three main elements:

  • What is known
  • What is lacking
  • What you aim to do

What is Known

This section provides background information on your research topic. Here, you establish the broader context by explaining what’s already known in the field. In addition, this might involve summarizing existing research, highlighting relevant theories, or outlining established concepts.

Therefore, by providing this foundation, you remind the reader of the current understanding of the subject and prepare them for your specific area of focus.

What is Lacking

After setting the stage, you’ll identify a gap or limitation in current knowledge. This could be a specific question that hasn’t been fully addressed, a new perspective that hasn’t been explored, or a contradiction in existing research.  In addition, this section essentially justifies the need for your research. By pointing out what’s missing or what’s unclear, you demonstrate the importance of your investigation in furthering your understanding of the topic.

What You Aim to Do

The final section of the introduction is where the researcher clearly states the objectives of the study. This includes a concise declaration of the research questions, hypotheses, and the expected contributions of the study. The objectives should be directly linked to the gaps identified in the previous section, illustrating how this study aims to fill those voids.

Moreover, this part should also give an overview of the methodology in broad terms, setting the stage for the more detailed methods section. The clarity and precision of this section are crucial as it not only guides the subsequent research activities but also helps the reader anticipate the structure and direction of the paper.

How to Write a Research Paper Introduction?

The initial phase of crafting the introduction for a research paper involves delineating the topic to the reader and elucidating its significance or intrigue, typically through a compelling opening assertion. Subsequently, the focus shifts towards summarizing previous research endeavors, culminating in the identification of any existing limitations or gaps that the forthcoming study aims to fill.

Moreover, the introduction elucidates the relevance of the current research and its contribution to the field, elucidating the specific problem it addresses. In cases where hypotheses were tested, they are articulated alongside the research question, typically rendered in the past tense to reflect their already-tested status by the time of writing.

The following key points can guide you when writing the research paper introduction section, including:

  • Introduce the research topic
  • Determine a research niche
  • Place Your research within the research niche

Introduce the Research Topic

Writing a compelling introduction to a research paper involves several vital steps that collectively aim to engage the reader and set a solid foundation for the study presented. Initially, the introduction should clearly state the research topic, ensuring that the scope and focus of the paper are immediately evident. Following this, it is crucial to underscore the importance of the research field or topic. This can be achieved by discussing its relevance in contemporary settings, its implications for a specific field, or its potential to address significant problems or questions.

Furthermore, equipping background information is essential as it situates your research within a broader context, helping readers understand the genesis and evolution of the topic, as well as how it has been previously studied. This could include critical developments, theoretical conflicts, or significant findings from prior research.

Moreover, offering an overview of current research on the topic not only showcases your comprehensive understanding of the field but also identifies the gap your study aims to fill. This approach ensures that the introduction not only informs but also intrigues, setting the stage for the arguments and discoveries that follow.

Determine a Research Niche

Crafting a solid introduction involves pinpointing a niche within your topic. This means identifying a gap in current research where existing studies haven’t fully explored an aspect or perhaps even challenged a commonly held assumption.

Therefore, by doing this, you can formulate a focused research question. This question acts as a roadmap for your paper, guiding your investigation into this specific niche within the broader topic.

Place Your Research Within the Research Niche

Having established the background and identified a gap in current research, you can now explain your study’s unique contribution. In addition, briefly state the purpose of your research and what you aim to achieve. Highlight the key features of your study design or methodology that differentiate it from past approaches.

Moreover, briefly tease some of the essential results you found to pique the reader’s interest. Emphasize the novelty of your research by explaining how it fills the identified gap and sheds new light on the topic. Finally, conclude by offering a roadmap for the paper, mentioning the main sections and how they will address your research question.


In conclusion, crafting a compelling introduction is an art, requiring parity between informing and luring the reader. Therefore, by following the steps outlined here, you can inaugurate a strong foundation for your research paper, guiding your audience through your investigation and ensuring they grasp the significance of your findings. Remember, a well-written introduction sets the stage for a successful research paper. However, If you are struggling to write your nursing dissertation because you don’t have time or you don’t know where to start you can order your paper here 

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